DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES IN RESPIRATORY SYSTEM – Nurse Job Hunt

DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES IN RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

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see DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES

http://web-impressions.net/fister/1191 Chest X ray

It is the most common diagnostic procedure to find out any anatomical abnormality or infection in the lung

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-Remove metal object or radio opaque object, light jewels.

-Access the female patient whether she is pregnant or not. If so allow only after 20th week of gestation

-Remove constructive clothing and keep loose gowns.

-Instruct the patient to take deep breath and hold it during procedure to expand lungs.

 

opcje binarne forum 2017 Sputum examination



-Obtain early morning specimen and it should be collected in a sterile container.

-Instruct the patient to take deep breath and cough deeply to collect sputum.

-Rinse mouth with plane water.

Do not brush the teeth with paste.

-Obtain sputum sample before starting antibiotics.

-10 to 15ml of sputum should be collected.

 

http://visitsvartadalen.nu/?saxarokese=K%C3%B6pa-Viagra-%C3%84ngelholm&49c=b8 Bronchoscopy

To view larynx, trachea, and bronchus with a fiber optic scope.

http://www.beaujolais-challenge.com/?nikolsa=rencontre-driank%C3%A9&992=00 Nurses Responsibility

-NPO for 8hr.

-Take consent.

-Apply local anesthesia or spray.

– Remove denture and glasses.

source link POST Procedure

  • NPO until gag reflex return.
  • Monitor vital signs.
  • Small amount of blood tinged sputum is normal.
  • Turn the head to one side to prevent aspiration.

http://www.backclinicinc.com/?jixer=opzioni-binarie-falla&884=13 Complications

  • Bronchial perforation
  • Hemorrhage
  • Infection
  • Pneumothorax
  • cardiac arrhythmia

where to buy Pregabalin in canada Pulmonary angiography

Study of pulmonary artery by introduction of die in to the pulmonary artery through the femoral or antecubital vein contract die is injected and serious of X-ray are taken.

kenia männer kennenlernen Post procedure

  • Insertion site care.
  • Monitor temperature.
  • Increased fluid intake.
  • If femoral vein is used keep bed rest for 8 to 12hr

click THORACENTESIS





Insertion of needle in to the thoracic cavity for removal of air or fluid in the plural place  

Nurses Responsibility

  • Informed consent.
  • Monitor vital signs.
  • Do coagulation study
  • Prepare the patient for X-ray or USG

Position during the procedure

Sitting up right at the edge of the bed and leaning forward on a cardiac table.

Non ambulating patient

Sidelining the affected side upward with 45degree head elevation.

Instruct the patient do not move or cough during the procedure

Post procedure

  • Insertion site care.

–     Monitor temperature

–     Pressured dressing should be applied to the side.

COMPLICATION

  • Pulmonary air embolism.

LUNG BIOPSY.

Tissue taken from the lung for histopathological study

Nurses Responsibility

  • Informed consent.
  • Monitor vital signs.
  • Do coagulation study.
  • Keep NPO.
  • Administer sedative.

Post op procedure

  • Apply pressured dressing.
  • Administer analgesic.
  • Monitor for complication

Complications

  • haemorrhage
  • pneumothorax

VENTILATION PERFUSION SCAN (Vq scan)

Ventilation means patency of the pulmonary airway. And perfusion evaluate blood supply to lung. For accessing the ventilation patient inhale a radioactive gas and serious of X-rays are taken to evaluate the perfusion. Radio isotope die is administered through vein in to the pulmonary artery and scanning is done.

Nurses Responsibility

  • Informed consent.
  • NPO
  • Access allergy to sea food and shell fish
  • Remove metallic object.

Post procedure.

  • Increase fluid intake.
  • Wear glove when in contact with urine and stool.
  • Wash hands\after each voiding.
  • Double flush the bathroom after voiding

ABG VALUES ANALYSIS

  • Ph:                 35-7.45
  • Pco2: 35-45mm of hg
  • Po2: 80-100 mm of hg
  • Hco3: 22-29 mcq
  • O2 concentration: 90-100%

NURSING RESPONSIBILITY

  • Do Allen test before sample collection.
  • Collect blood from artery only.
  • Insert needle in degree.
  • Keep sample over ice piece.
  • Sent sample as soon as possible
  • Apply pressure for 5 minute.

PULS OXIMETER.

To determine oxygen concentration. Normal is 96-100%

NSG RESP

  • Apply sensor or probe to the finger, ear lobe, nose, and forehead.
  • Keep transducer at heart level.
  • Do not keep probe in extremity with impair circulation.
  • Remove nail polish.
  • Do not keep the probed extremity under light.

INCENTIVE SPIROMETRY

Used to access lung capacity. And to maintain lung expansion.

NSG RESP

  • Instruct the patient to sit upright and keep mouth piece tightly around mouth.
  • Inhale slowly to raise the flow rate indicator between 600-900 mark
  • Instruct the patient to hold the breath for 5 second and exhale through purse lips
  • Repeat the procedure 10 times/hours.

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