ENT AND RESPIRATORY DISORDERS IN CHILDREN : SHORT NOTE FOR NURSES

EYE, EAR, AND RESPIRATORY DISORDERS OF CHILDREN

1. STRABISMUS

• Also called squint or lazy eye or crossed eye
• Disorder in which the eyes don’t look in exactly the same direction at the same time.
• Condition in which the eyes are not aligned because of lack of coordination of extraocularmuscles
• It is normal upto 4 months, after 4 months treatment is needed

Assessment
• Amblyopia (reduced visual acuity) if not treated early
• Loss of binocular vision
• Impairement of depth perception
• Frequent headaches
• Squinting or tilting of the head to see

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CARE OF NEW BORN AND NURSES RESPONSIBILITY

NEW BORN CARE

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Initial care of the newborn

  • Observe or assist with initiation of respirations
  • Assess APGAR score
  • Note characteristics of cry
  • Monitor abnormal respiration like nasal flaring, grunting, and retractions
  • Obtain vital signs
  • Observe for hypothermia or hyperthermia
  • Assess for any gross anomalies

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