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MEDICAL SURGICAL NURSING

CARE OF TUBES : SHORT NOTE FOR NURSES

CARE OF TUBES

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1 NASOGASTRIC TUBES

  • Short tubes used to intubate the stomach
  • Inserted from nose to the stomach
  • Purpose is to decompress the stomach by removing fluids and \or gas to promote abdominal comfort
  • It provide nutrition by acting as a temporary feeding tube
Categories
MEDICAL SURGICAL NURSING

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS FOR HEART FUNCTION

DIAGNOSTIC TESTS AND NURSE’S RESPONSIBILITY

  1. X- RAY

To find location of the heart and hypertrophy

  1. ECHO cardio gram

To identify structural abnormality of heart and no need of any preparation

  1. BLOOD STUDY
  • CARDIAC ENZYMES
Categories
MEDICAL SURGICAL NURSING

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF HEART

Cardiology : core components for nurses

 

Anatomy and physiology

Heart is the vital organ which is located in the left side of medisternium in the thoracic cavity. Normal weight of the heart is 300gm

Layers
  • Epicardium (outer layer)
  • Myocardium (middle layer )
  • Endocardium (inner layer )
Pericardium  ; –

encase and protect the heart from trauma and infection

Layers of pericardium
  • Parietal layer
  • Visceral layer

There is a sac in between these two layer, known as pericardial sac. And fluid which is present between these layers known as pericardial fluids normal amount is 5 to 20 ml