ACID BASE BALANCE

RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS:

http://parklane.on.ca/xmlrpc.php?2006210856 share this on facebook
• The total concentration of buffer basis is lower than normal with a increase in H+ concentration which is circulating in the blood than can be absorbed by the buffer system.
• PH is decreased; CO2 is increased; O2 is decreased; HCO3 normal

source site Cause
 Change in normal respiratory pattern.
 Obstruction of airway.
 Depression in respiratory status.

(more…)

Continue Reading

ADRENAL GLAND

ADRENAL GLAND DISORDERS

ADRENAL GLAND

• Adrenal gland is situated on top of each kidney
• Regulates sodium and electrolyte balance; affects carbohydrate ,fat, and protein metabolism; influences the development of sexual characteristics; and sustains the fight or flight response
http://vagnvagensbygg.se/firmenit/2595 It has two parts adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla
tips for dating your roommate Adrenal cortex : is the outer shell, synthesizes glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids and secrets small amount of sex hormones

(more…)

Continue Reading

THYROID AND PARATHYROID GLAND DISORDERS

1.HYPOTHYROIDISM

  • It is a state resulting from hyposecretion of thyroid hormones T3 and T4 ,characterized by a decreased rate of body metabolism

source Assessment

  • Lethargy and fatigue
  • Intolerence to cold
  • Weight gain
  • Bradycardia
  • Generalized puffiness and edema around the eyes and face (myxedema)
  • Cardiac enlargement, tendency to develop congestive heart failure
  • Goiter may or may not be present

(more…)

Continue Reading

HEMATOLOGY : SHORT NOTES FOR NURSES

http://www.shyamtelecom.com/?siterko=opzioni-binarie-verit%C3%A0-o-truffa&a7c=11 HAEMATOLOGY


Hematology is the study of blood anatomy and physiology of blood

exemple annonce de presentation site de rencontre Blood 

  • plasma( 55%)

http://hongrie-gourmande.com/frensis/3207 Plasma     :-       Albumin,  Globulin,  Clotting factor

citas en ebais por internet Albumin:-     Maintain osmotic pressure

rencontre agadir Globulin

  • Alfa Globulin ———–Transport Of Iron, Bilirubin, And Steroid
  • Beta Globulin————–Transport Of Copper And Iron
  • Gamma Globulin———–Maintain Immunity

Cellular component      RBC, W B C, PLATELETE

(more…)

Continue Reading

CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS PART-1

CARDIAC DISORDERS

Angina pectoris

  • it is the chest pain resulting from myocardial ischemia caused by inadequate myocardial blood and O2 supply
  • this is due to obstruction of coronary blood flow because of arthrosclerosis, cad, coronary artery spasm, and condition increasing myocardial oxygen consumption
types
  • stable angina
    • also called exertional angina
    • it occur with activity or emotional stress
    • it is relieved with rest or nitroglycerin
  • unstable angina
    • also called preinfraction angina
    • it occur with unpredictable  degree of exertion or emotion
    • Increase in occurrence , duration, and severity over time
    • Pain may not be relive with nitroglycerin

(more…)

Continue Reading

CARDIAC PROCEDURES AND NURSES RESPONSIBILITY

CARDIAC PROCEDURES AND NURSES RESPONSIBILTY

  1. PTCA (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty)

  • One or more artery are dilated with a balloon catheter to open the vessel lumen and improve atrial blood flow
  • The client may experience re-occlusion after the procedure thus the procedure need to repeat
Complication
  • Re-occlusion
  • Artery dissection or rapture
  • Mobilization of plaque fragment
  • Spasm of the artery and acute MI
Life style modification
  • Reduce weight
  • Avoid fatty food
  • Avoid smoking
  • alter exercise pattern

(more…)

Continue Reading

CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA

CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA 

Click here to share this on facebook
 

 Normal Sinus rhythm

  • Cardiac Rhythm originate from SA node
  • Arterial and ventricular rhythm are regular
  • HR is b/w 60 -100b/min
  • PR interval and QRS complex are normal
  • This is normal ECG and no intervention is needed

Sinus bradycardia

  • Rate is less than 60b/min
  • Rhythm is normal
  • Conduction is normal

(more…)

Continue Reading
Close Menu